Criteria for Upper/Lower-Division Courses
The number by which a course is designated indicates the level of the course:
100-299: Lower-division courses primarily for freshmen and sophomores.
300-499: Upper-division courses primarily for juniors and seniors.
500-599*: Graduate courses. Open to exceptionally well-qualified seniors with the prior written approval of the course instructor and the Graduate College.
600-699: Graduate courses. Not open to undergraduate students.
700-799: Graduate courses.
800-899: Courses limited to students working toward degrees offered by the colleges of Medicine, Pharmacy, Veternary Medicine, and Public Health. Not available for credit toward other degrees.
900-999: Independent graduate study involving research, thesis, or dissertation. Not open to undergraduates.
The assignment of courses to upper and lower-division is a difficult task. APASC provides these guidelines to ATFs and college/university curriculum committees for their review of course level.
Lower-division courses generally focus on foundational theories, concepts, perspectives, principles, methods, and procedures of critical thinking in order to provide a broad basis for more advanced courses. The primary intent of lower-division coursework is to equip students with the general education needed for advanced study, to expose students to the breadth of different fields of study, and to provide a foundation for specialized upper-division coursework in professional fields. Such courses have one or more of the following four purposes:
Upper-division courses are specialized, in-depth, and advanced, and emphasize problem-solving, analytical thinking skills, and theoretical applications. These courses often build on the foundation provided by the skills and knowledge of lower-division education. Upper-division courses may require the student to synthesize topics from a variety of sources. Upper-division courses may also require greater responsibility, or independence on the part of the student. Upper-division courses require instructors with specialized knowledge and preparation. Thus, many intermediate and all advanced baccalaureate courses in a field of study are properly located in the upper-division. In addition, disciplines that depend heavily on prerequisites or the body of knowledge of lower-division education may properly be comprised primarily of upper-division courses. Such courses have one or more of the following three purposes:
The market environment today is greatly influenced by many factors such as our customers, competitive firms, advent of new technology and digitalization trends, a growing mix of industry forces, and an increasing trend towards globalization. To continue growing a business a firm must consistently reassess and re-evaluate its strategies and relationships with strategic customers. This course offers an insight into marketing in detail from a strategic point of view within the overall business environment. It proposes to develop managers with sharpened skills for critical analytical thinking and clear communication in marketing at both domestic and international levels. On completion, students will be able to critically evaluate marketing strategies and formulate competitive policies.
Corequisite:Any 3-credit Business course, with the permission of the instructorCLOSE